New Pages Added to The Art Story

Hilla Rebay
German Artist, Collector, Curator, and Museum Director
Movements and Styles: Dada, Expressionism, Orphism, Collage
The artist, curator, Guggenheim advisor, museum director, and collector Hilla Rebay advanced modern and abstract in the United States.
October 15, 2020
David Hare
American Sculptor, Photographer, and Painter
Movements and Styles: Surrealism, Abstract Expressionism, Collage
David Hare was an American sculptor known for his Surrealism and his connection to Abstract Expressionism.
October 15, 2020
William Merritt Chase
American Painter
The American painter William Merritt Chase brought Impressionism to America, disseminating its methods through his works and teachings.
October 11, 2020
The Hague School took its name from the coastal city where a group of Dutch artists painted powerful rural landscapes and scenes of coastal life.
September 21, 2020
Louise Bourgeois Updated
French-American Sculptor
Louise Bourgeois's often sexual and dark boldness of subject matter revolutionized feminist-inspired body art and the development of installation art.
September 18, 2020
The term Grand Manner refers to a style of portraiture that emerged in Britain during the 18th century and was popular for in the United States.
September 16, 2020
Gino Severini
Italian Painter, Mosaicist, Writer, and Set Designer
Movements and Styles: Futurism, Cubism, Interwar Classicism, Collage
Severini was one of the most progressive of all the twentieth-century Italian artists. An early and important figure within the Futurist movement, the Paris-based Severini produced unique works that, through their emphasis on urban Parisian scenes (rather than machines), broadened the thematic possibilities for the movement. Having exhausted his commitment to Futurism, and to the French avant-gardes' penchant for pictorial deconstruction, he shifted his interest to Neo-Classicism; a move that saw him aligned with the interwar "Return to Order" movement. His modernist credentials were tested somewhat through his associations with the Fascist leader Benito Mussolini's "Third Rome" project (the dream of establishing a New Roman Empire), for which he provided murals and mosaics for architectural structures inspired by imperial Rome. In later years, however, Severini was "reborn" through his new commitment to the Catholic faith which saw the artist produce religious mosaics so finely skilled they earned him the title: "Father of Modern Mosaics". Complementing his considerable achievements as a painter and mosaicist, Severini proved an accomplished polemicist, publishing theoretical essays and books on the art of painting throughout his long career.
August 29, 2020
George Maciunas
Lithuanian-American Curator, Performance Artist, Graphic Designer, and Musician
Movements and Styles: Fluxus, Neo-Dada, Conceptual Art, Performance Art
George Maciunas was a founding member of Fluxus, an international community of artists, architects, composers, and designers. He is most famous for organizing and performing happenings and for assembling a series of highly influential artists' multiples.
August 26, 2020
Jean-Michel Basquiat emerged in New York as a gritty, street-smart graffiti artist crossing over from downtown origins to art gallery stardom.
August 24, 2020
Nell Blaine
American Artist
The American painter Nell Blaine is best known for her lyrical realism, blending figuration with abstraction's structural vocabulary and energy. A prominent artist in 1940s New York, she studied with Hans Hofmann and worked through a major disability through much of her career.
August 21, 2020
Isaac Levitan
Russian Painter
Isaac Levitan ushered in a golden age of Russian landscape painting with canvases charged with emotional and spiritual energy.
August 20, 2020
Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler
German Art Dealer, Art Collector, and Art Historian
Movements and Styles: Cubism, Fauvism, Modernism and Modern Art
Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler was a German art dealer, gallery owner and champion of Cubism. Kahnweiler is credited as one of the first people to truly appreciate the early works of Picasso, Braque, Léger and the success of such artists was highly influenced by Kahnweiler's purchase and promotion of these works.
August 3, 2020
John Everett Millais
British Painter
John Millais Everett was an English painter and illustrator, and one of the founding members of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. Millais earned both acclaim and a reputation for scandal because of his realistic depiction of relious figures.
August 2, 2020
Jasper Johns Updated
American Painter, Scupltor, and Printmaker
Movements and Styles: Neo-Dada, Collage, Assemblage
Jasper Johns initiated a dialogue with the viewer and their cultural context through his artistic exploration of how people see the things around them.
July 27, 2020
Charles Baudelaire
French Poet, Art Critic, and Translator
Baudelaire was a highly influential poet and a key figure in the development of modern art.
July 21, 2020
Robert Rauschenberg Updated
American Collagist, Painter, and Graphic Artist
Rauschenberg's Neo-Dada combines expanded boundaries and erased past precedents to move into the new ideas of postmodern art.
July 15, 2020
Pussy Riot
Russian Artist Collective
Pussy Riot is an all-female Russian punk rock group, which was brought to international attention after the government arrested and imprisoned three of its members for protesting in an Orthodox cathedral. Pussy Riot's lyrics align with activist art; advocating for Feminism, LGBT rights, and opposing Russian President Vladimir Putin.
July 2, 2020
Louis Daguerre
French Photographic Pioneer, Physicist, Scenic Painter and Printmaker
Movements and Styles: Modern Photography
Louis Daguerre is one of the fathers of photography having invented the daguerreotype process in which a shorter exposure time is used to chemically develop a photographic image. This revolutionazed the medium and allowed many thousands of people to use personal cameras.
June 30, 2020
Yoshitomo Nara
Japanese Painter, sculptor, and illustrator
Exciting and unique, Yoshitomo Nara's children with piercing eyes have gained a cult following around the world. His works transform innocent images of wide-eyed characters and infuses them with horror and violence.
June 14, 2020
The Impressionists painters, such as Monet, Renoir, and Degas, created a new way of painting by using loose, quick brushwork and light colors to show how thing appeared to the artists at a particular moment: an "impression" of what they were seeing and feeling.
June 11, 2020
Mikhail Larionov
Russian Painter, Writer, Illustrator and Set Designer
The groundbreaking work of Mikhail Larionov helped to revolutionize Russian art in the early 20th century.
June 2, 2020
Jeff Koons Updated
American Painter, Illustrator, Sculptor
Movements and Styles: Neo-Geo, Neo Pop Art, East Village Art
Jeff Koons is the anti-modernist, a shrewd, self-proclaimed crowd-pleaser and avid promoter of his own work.
June 1, 2020
Collage was first employed in fine art in the context of Cubism, and has since been enormously influential, impacting not only drawing and painting but also attitudes to sculpture.
May 31, 2020
Canadian-American Performance Artist
The performance and body artist Cassils sculpts, trains, and transforms their body to explore various topics such as identity, power, and abuse.
May 28, 2020
Gertrude Stein
American Art Collector and Writer
Gertrude Stein was an American writer and supporter of the arts whose Paris salons were key sites for avant-garde art in the early twentieth century. She built one of the earliest collections of modern art, including works by Matisse, Picasso, Gris, and others.
May 18, 2020
Beaux Arts architecture was popularized in Paris in the nineteenth century. The style became popular worldwide, including in America, before Art Deco became the prevailing style.
May 9, 2020
Brutalism was a movement in modern architecture responsible for some of the most striking building designs of the twentieth century.
May 8, 2020
In 1980s East Village of New York City young artists, misfits, and rebels came together to create graffiti, collage, and DIY sculpture.
May 6, 2020
Matthew Barney
American Sculptor, Photographer, Film Director, and Performance Artist
Matthew Barney creates films based on performance and body art, most notably in his Drawing Restraint series and the five-film Cremaster Cycle.
May 4, 2020
Vivian Maier
American Street Photographer
Vivian Maier is often referred to as the Mary Poppins of Street Photography as she was working as a nanny while creating an large and imaginitive collection of photographs.
May 4, 2020
Relational Aesthetics focuses on artwork that produces a temporary environment or event in which viewers could participate in order to assimilate and comprehend the artist's message or idea.
April 28, 2020
Roger Fry
British Art Critic, Artist, and Designer
Roger Fry was a scholar of the old masters and French Impressionism, and also a champion of early-20th century British modern art. He coined the term "Post-Impressionism" and he was also a painter himself.
April 24, 2020
Suzanne Lacy
American Performance Artist
The feminist artist Suzanne Lacy works across the spectrum of media to affect real, impactful change in the world.
April 22, 2020
Norman Foster
British Architect
Foster is arguably the world's most influential living architect recognized chiefly for his jewel-like modern designs of steel and glass.
April 21, 2020
George Brecht
American Artist
Movements and Styles: Fluxus, Conceptual Art
George Brecht's artworks and musical compositions offered a different edge than the artists of the time and Neo-Dada peers. And he made important works constructed from everyday objects designed for viewer interaction.
April 16, 2020
Shepard Fairey
American Street Artist, Graphic Designer, Illustrator and Activist
Shepard Fairey is one of the most influential and best-known Street and Graffiti artist who became more widely known in the 2008 U.S. presidential election, specifically for his Barack Obama "Hope" poster.
April 16, 2020
André Masson
French Painter and Draughtsman
Movements and Styles: Surrealism, Biomorphism, Cubism
André Masson was one of the pioneers of Surrealism. He specialized in dreamscapes of writhing mythological figures and tortured natural forms.
April 16, 2020
Guillaume Apollinaire
French Art Critic, Poet, Playwright
Movements and Styles: Cubism, Fauvism, Futurism, Orphism, Surrealism
Guillaume Apollinaire was a French writer and art critic who advanced the avant-garde Cubists including Pablo Picasso, André Breton and Henri Rousseau. He is also credited with coining the term "Surrealism."
April 16, 2020
Assemblage is a style of sculpture inspired by the idea of introducing pre-existing, non-art objects into an art context. Although one can find precedents for the approach in the work of Duchamp and Picasso, it flourished as a tendency in the 1950s and 1960s, and continues to be a prominent technique today.
April 15, 2020
Sean Scully
Irish-American Painter and Sculptor
Sean Scully is an Irish-American painter who creates abstracted architectural constructions and emotionally-charged canvases that are often painted in colored stripes.
April 6, 2020
Henri Laurens
French Sculptor and Illustrator
Movements and Styles: Cubism, Interwar Classicism
Henri Laurens, after meeting Cubists Picasso, Braque, and Gris, Laurens began making Cubism-inspired sculptures, which were among his most important works.
April 3, 2020
Jacopo Da Pontormo
Italian Painter
Pontormo was a Renaissance and Mannerist master famous for religious scenes, praised for perceptive portraits.
April 1, 2020
Sergei Diaghilev
Russian Ballet Impresario and Art Critic
Movements and Styles: Fauvism, Cubism, Russian Futurism
Sergei Diaghilev took early 20th century Europe by storm with his modern dance company, the Ballet Russes. The company rapidly became known, not just for their ballet, but also for their sets and costumes and the impact of Diaghilev's artistic vision can still be felt today in both the art and dance worlds. Charming, ruthless, and powerful, Diaghilev identified and nurtured talent across a range of genres from design to composition and choreography, bringing household names such as Stravinsky to prominence and launching the careers of a number of highly influential dancers. He also worked with more established artists and designers including Coco Chanel, Pablo Picasso, Joan Miro, and Andre Derain giving them an outlet for new ideas. In doing so, he ensured that the Ballet Russes remained at the forefront of the avant garde for two decades through a turbulent period of history.
March 29, 2020
Bruce Conner
American Sculptor, Painter, Photographer, and Filmmaker
The avant-garde artist Bruce Conner innovated in the of mediums: assemblage, sculpture, painting, photography and short film.
March 27, 2020
Wyndham Lewis
British-Canadian Painter, Novelist, Social Theorist
Movements and Styles: Vorticism
Wyndham Lewis was an important British modernist and founded the Vorticist movement, a politicallypolarizing figure.
March 27, 2020
Annibale Carracci
Italian Painter and Engraver
Movements and Styles: Mannerism, The Baroque
The Renaissance painter Annibale Carracci emerged as one of the most dynamic and respected painters of sixteenth century Italy.
March 27, 2020
The Independent Group led to the establishment of British Pop Art by responding and critiquing American-style advertising and movies.
March 26, 2020
The Analytic phase of the Cubism movement focused on fracturing the depiction of subjects almost to complete abstraction.
March 26, 2020
The Synthetic phase of the Cubism movement embraced a broader palette, simpler geometric planes, and less abstracted subjects while experimenting with collage and other techniques.
March 26, 2020
David Park
American Painter and Art Educator
David Park was an American painter who helped establish the Bay Area Figurative School that focused on using representative figures as well as natural shapes and forms.
March 11, 2020
Winslow Homer
American Painter, Watercolorist and Printmaker
Homer was best known for his marine landscape paintings, and also for capturing the everyday life of the American people during times of war and leisure.
March 10, 2020
Aristide Maillol
French Painter and Sculptor
Movements and Styles: Les Nabis
Maillol sculpted powerful and balanced statues of female nudes that avoided the flowing, romantic, sculptures that were popular in his time.
March 10, 2020
The term Old Masters refers to eminent European artists from the Renaissance through to early modernism.
March 10, 2020
George Condo
American Visual Artist
Movements and Styles: Neo-Expressionism
George Condo masterfully combines the classical portraiture with a mischievous humor that often draws on Pop cartoons.
March 5, 2020
Concrete Poetry is a type of poetry or language-based art in which the way words and letters are visually presented is as important as what they mean.
March 5, 2020
Philip Pearlstein
American Painter
Philip Pearlstein turned his attentions to figurative studies of the human body, led a revival of realism and are considered some of the finest of the twentieth century.
March 3, 2020
Sarah Lucas
British Sculptor, Photographer, Installation and Performance Artist
Sarah Lucas sculptures feature found objects, collage, photography, puns, and "bawdy" humor through which she critiques misogyny, voyeurism, and society's view of the female body.
March 3, 2020
Alfred Wallis
British Painter
The self-taught painter Wallis created exuberant seascapes and nautical scenes have energy and verve of modern art, with their expressionistic use of shape, color, and brushstroke
March 1, 2020
Georges Rouault
French Painter and Engraver
Movements and Styles: Expressionism, Fauvism
Georges Rouault's powerful and often-dark preferred painting motifs included depictions of clowns, prostitutes, and religious subjects.
February 26, 2020
Julie Mehretu
Ethiopian-American Painter, Draughtsman, and Printmaker
Contemporary artist Julie Mehretu is known for her large-scale dynamic canvases made in dense layers of paint, ink and pencil, and which are inspired by diverse sources such as architectural drawings.
February 25, 2020
Photomontage is essentially a single artwork combined of two+ photos, produced to encourage audiences to consider the relationship between the grouped images.
February 25, 2020
Movements and Styles: Expressionism, Post-Impressionism
Modersohn-Becker's groundbreaking life and expressionist art expose the restrictions imposed on women in the twentieth century.
February 23, 2020
Direct Carving is the sculptural approach pioneered by Brâncuși that rejected the established sculptural practice.
February 4, 2020
Florentine Painter
Movements and Styles: Mannerism
Bronzino is a giant amongst Mannerists; an elegant and serene Master of portraiture whose painting embodied the genteel beliefs of the Medici.
January 27, 2020
The German term Gesamtkunstwerk describes an artwork, design, or creative process where multiple art forms are combined to create a single whole.
January 21, 2020
Advocates for medium specificity demanded that each art concentrate on that which made it unique. In painting's case, it was its "flatness" that made it distinct.
January 21, 2020
John Ruskin
British Art Critic, Painter, Social Thinker and Philanthropist
Ruskin is considered the father of modern art criticism, and was also a true polymath - a talented watercolorist, teacher, and geologist. He informed the Pre-Raphaelites, and influenced many important art topics.
January 20, 2020
Ilya Repin
Russian Painter
Movements and Styles: Realism, Naturalism
Repin was the most influential Russian realist painter of the 19th century, embraced internationally, and by the pre and post Russian Revolution rulers.
January 15, 2020
Richard Anuszkiewicz
American Painter, Printmaker, and Sculptor
Movements and Styles: Op Art, Kinetic Art
American abstract artist Richard Anuszkiewicz developed innovated with the geometric investigations and visual effects thereby leading the Op Art movement.
January 15, 2020
Glenn Brown
British Artist
Brown's contemporary canvases reimagine the history of art, making references to famous works and popular culture.
January 15, 2020
William Hogarth
English Engraver, Satirist and Painter
Movements and Styles: The Rococo, Grand Manner Portraiture
Best remembered for his intricate, satirical, and infamous series of prints, Hogarth mastered a range of styles and genres.
January 14, 2020
Henry Fuseli
Swiss Painter and Writer
Movements and Styles: Neoclassicism, Romanticism
Fascinated by the supernatural, Henry Fuseli's created dramatic illustrations of otherworldly scenes and creatures, ideas ultimately culminating in the Surrealism movement.
January 9, 2020
Bourke-White, Margaret
American Photographer
Bourke-White was an intrepid adventurer at the very center of challenging historical events. Her photographs gained international recognition.
January 6, 2020
Movements and Styles: The Baroque
Zurbarán's paintings exemplified Spain's devotional style to which he brought powerful elements of Italian portraiture.
December 24, 2019
Grandma Moses
American Painter
Movements and Styles: Art Brut and Outsider Art
American painter Grandma Moses grew to fame due to perseverance, childlike enthusiasm, and an unwavering appreciation of life's small joys.
December 23, 2019
Henri Fantin-Latour
French Painter and Lithographer
Movements and Styles: Realism
Fantin-Latour is best known for his still lifes and group portraits - especially of the Impressionists, that were his friends, and other Parisian artists and writers.
December 23, 2019
Andrea Mantegna
Italian Painter
Movements and Styles: Early Renaissance, High Renaissance
The important Renaissance painter Mantegna' work pay equal homage to Roman imperial rulers and Christian saints, and exude chiaroscuro hardness and soft, naturalistic delicacy.
December 11, 2019
Luchita Hurtado
Venezuelan-American Painter
Movements and Styles: Environmental Art, Feminist Art, Surrealism
The inspiring painter Luchita Hurtado finally gained recognition after many years of friendships+ with numerous modern artists.
December 9, 2019
Leonard Knight
American Artist
The visionary artist Leonard Knight built his life-long work, Salvation Mountain, in the California desert spreading his messages of love and salvation.
December 8, 2019
Carel Fabritius
Dutch Painter
Movements and Styles: The Baroque, Dutch Golden Age
Fabritius's few, but iconic paintings show the Dutch Golden Age painter a master of compositional illusionism and narrational ambiguity.
December 3, 2019
Luc Tuymans
Belgian Painter
Tuymans, one of the world's most influential painters, offers eerie figurative works that transform people and events from our global news and cultural feeds.
December 2, 2019
Rebecca Belmore
Canadian Performance and Installation Artist
Movements and Styles: Performance Art
Rebecca Belmore's performance and conceptual works are infused with a sense of distress and displacement experienced by Indigenous peoples.
December 2, 2019
Stanton Macdonald-Wright
American Abstract Painter
Movements and Styles: Synchromism, Modernism and Modern Art
The co-founder of Synchromism, Stanton Macdonald-Wright was a pioneer American abstractionist and avant-garde influencer.
November 30, 2019
George Inness
American Painter
Primarily a landscape painter, George Inness was known as a master of light, color, and shadow who was capable of eliciting great depth of feeling, mood, and atmosphere in his works.
November 30, 2019
John Singleton Copley
American-British Painter
Movements and Styles: Neoclassicism, Grand Manner Portraiture
The greatest American painter of the eighteenth century, Copley's his portraits helped mark America's "coming of age" as an independent nation.
November 30, 2019
Antony Gormley
British Sculptor, Printmaker, Installation and Public Artist
Sculptor Antony Gormley is well known for casts of his own body, which are then placed in wonderous locations throughout the world.
November 24, 2019
George Bellows
American Painter and Printmaker
Movements and Styles: Ashcan School
George Bellows was an artist known for his realist, Ashcan School depictions of daily life in New York, in particular his boxing scenes.
November 24, 2019
Katsushika Hokusai
Japanese Painter and Printmaker
Movements and Styles: Ukiyo-e Japanese Woodblock Prints
Hokusai screen prints of "ephemeral" pleasures are widely recognized far beyond Japan for their compositions and use of perspective.
November 24, 2019
Hans Makart
Austrian Painter, Designer, and Decorator
Movements and Styles: Aesthetic Art, Symbolism, Orientalism
Both celebrated and condemned for his sensual and epic paintings, Hans Makart influenced Klimt and Austrian art.
November 20, 2019
David Hammons
American Sculptor, Printmaker, Performance, and Installation Artist
Movements and Styles: Conceptual Art, Performance Art
Fighting racism and the damaging stereotypes imposed on African-American culture, the artist David Hammons reclaims objects and language that gave rise to unfair narratives.
November 14, 2019
Mikhail Vrubel
Russian Painter and Theater Designer
Movements and Styles: Symbolism, Art Nouveau
Vrubel's ground-breaking works challenged orthodoxies within Russian art, connecting him to the avant-garde of Europe, including the likes of Gustav Klimt.
November 14, 2019
Mary Kelly
American Photographer and Mixed Media Artist
Movements and Styles: Conceptual Art, Feminist Art, Postmodernism
The feminist artist Mary Kelly was a ground-breaking postmodernist and committed activist who preferred a multi-year, project-based pieces.
November 6, 2019
Spencer Tunick
American Photographer
The controversial photographer Spencer Tunick brings together large crowds of people, tells them to undress, and then directs them to pose in a particular way resulting in powerful scenes.
November 6, 2019
Movements and Styles: Northern Renaissance, British Art
The German Holbein painted and made prints in the Northern-Renaissance style. He is best known for his sixteenth-century portraits, especially of his famous patron, King Henry VIII.
November 5, 2019
Emphasizing drama and depth, the Renaissance techniques of Chiaroscuro, Tenebrism, and Sfumato allowed artists like Caravaggio, Leonardo da Vinci, and Rembrandt to illuminate visual narratives out from the shadows.
November 5, 2019
Neo Raush
German Painter
Movements and Styles: Magic Realism
The contemporary paintings Neo Rauch focus on timidity, hesitancy, and reflection, and as such, certain sensitivity that is often rare in this age.
October 26, 2019
The British Isles have been hosts to some of the most important art movements and are home to top modern and contemporary artists.
October 26, 2019
Robert Capa
Hungarian Photographer
Capa used a small 35MM camera to get close to wars and close to his subjects, thus able to show the devastating effects of violence
October 20, 2019
Elaine de Kooning Updated
American Painter, Art Critic, and Educator
Movements and Styles: Abstract Expressionism, Action Painting
Elaine de Kooning's art fused abstraction with mythology, primitive imagery, and realism that continues to receive increasing critical attention.
October 19, 2019
Renaissance Humanism, the focus on individuals, not the centrality of the church, and on a rediscovery of the humanities, powerfully influenced the Renaissance.
October 19, 2019