Menu Search
Movements
Artists
About Us
Blog
Artists Henri Rousseau

Henri Rousseau

French Painter

Henri Rousseau Photo

Born: May 21, 1844 - Laval, France

Died: September 2, 1910 - Paris, France

"When I step into the hothouses and see the plants from exotic lands, it seems to me that I am in a dream."

Henri Rousseau Signature

Synopsis

Henri Rousseau became a full-time artist at the age of forty-nine, after retiring from his post at the Paris customs office - a job that prompted his famous nickname, "Le Douanier Rousseau," "the toll collector." Although an admirer of artists such as William-Adolphe Bouguereau and Jean-Leon Gerome, the self-taught Rousseau became the archetypal naïve artist. His amateurish technique and unusual compositions provoked the derision of contemporary critics, while earning the respect and admiration of modern artists like Pablo Picasso and Wassily Kandinsky for revealing "the new possibilities of simplicity." Rousseau's best-known works are lush jungle scenes, inspired not by any firsthand experiences of such locales (the artist reportedly never left France), but by frequent trips to the Paris gardens and zoo.

Key Ideas

Most Important Art

Biography

Quotes

Like The Art Story on Facebook

Share