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Artists Naum Gabo

Naum Gabo

Russian-American Sculptor, Designer, and Architect

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Movements and Styles: Constructivism, Kinetic Art, Bauhaus, Op Art

Born: August 5, 1890 - Bryansk, Russia

Died: August 23, 1977 - Waterbury, Connecticut, USA

"We renounce in sculpture, the mass as a sculptural element [....] We renounce the thousand-year-old delusion in art that held the static rhythms as the only elements of the plastic and pictorial arts."

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Synopsis

Naum Gabo's structurally complex, mesmeric abstract sculptures cast a shadow over the whole of 20th-century art, while his life was that of the quintessential creative émigré, as he moved from country to country seeking new contexts for his work, in flight from war and repression. As a young man in post-Revolutionary Russia, Gabo was closely associated with Constructivism, which sought to blur the boundaries between creative and functional processes. He incorporated principles from engineering and architecture into his creative explorations, and used his sculptures to describe and demonstrate new scientific concepts such as Einstein's space-time relativity. Gabo worked through various movements and ideas, eventually settling in the United States after the Second World War. Like all the most important artists, his work and his life were fundamentally shaped by the era in which he lived, and helped to define that era in turn.

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