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Artists John Constable

John Constable

British Painter

John Constable Photo
Movement: Romanticism

Born: June 11, 1776 - East Bergholt, Suffolk, England

Died: March 31, 1837 - London, England

"Landscape is my mistress - 't is to her that I look for fame - and all that the warmth of the imagination renders dear to Man."

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Synopsis

Along with J. M. W. Turner, Constable revolutionized landscape painting of the 19th century and his paintings had a profound and far-reaching effect on European art, particularly in France. Constable moved away from the highly idealized landscapes that were the expected norm of the period and instead favored realistic depictions of the natural world created through close observation. Constable is most clearly remembered for his bucolic images painted in and around the Stour Valley but he also produced over 100 portraits and a huge number of preparatory sketches often completed in oil. In these he experimented with a freer style of representation and this allowed him to capture the effects of elemental change on the countryside with a spontaneity which he was then able to transfer to his finished works. Although his sketches are considerably more impressionistic and less detailed than his display canvases his overall aim remained the same regardless of medium and technique - to depict the scenery that he saw in a truthful and realistic manner.

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